The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country and it is under the leadership of the Chief Justice. There are not less than nine justices who work with the Chief Justice and five constituted panel of judges. Seen as the last court where anyone can make an appeal, the Court has its jurisdiction in terms of how it enforces or interprets the constitutional law.

The Court has a supervisory jurisdiction over all the other courts that exist in Ghana. As a result, it can decide whether the law enacted by a lower court was made as a result of the excess power available to the Parliament or other authorities that are subject to the constitution.

Constitutionally, the Chief Justice presides over all sittings of the Supreme Court. In the appointment of any Chief Justice in Ghana, the President consults the Council of State to determine who is fit. After this is settled, he then goes ahead to get the approval of the Parliament. It is after this process that the Chief Justice is determined.

Functions of the Supreme Court in Ghana

Specifically, the functions of the Supreme Court are listed below:

  • It is the only court with the right to hear appeals that may come from the National House of Chiefs.
  • It also makes sure that justice is upheld in the country so that no one is deprived of justice in any court of law.
  • It ensures that there is fairness and consistency in the application of the law.
  • The Supreme Court is considered as the final appellate court of the country. This is because based on the constitutional right vested in it, appeals of a trial court can be considered there.
  • The Court also reserves the right to interpret the constitution. As a result of this, it is expected that whatever interpretation it gives must be accepted and respected by everyone.
  • In situations where questions about the law are raised, the Supreme Court has the advisory jurisdiction of expressing the final opinion on the matter.


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